Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that causes the eye’s macula to break down, resulting in a gradual or sudden loss of central vision. The condition happens and may worsen as a person gets older. That is why AMD is the leading cause of severe or permanent vision loss in people over 60 years old.
Keep on reading to learn more about AMD.
Who Is at Risk of AMD?
People over age 65, smokers, Caucasians and people with a family history of AMD have an increased risk for macular degeneration.
If you’re taking any of the following drugs, you may also be at risk of AMD:
- Aralen (chloroquine)
- Thorazine (chlorpromazine)
- Mellaril (thioridazine)
- Prolixin (fluphenazine)
- Trilafon (perphenazine)
- Stelazine (trifluoperazine)
If you fit in any of these categories, make sure to visit your doctor for a regular eye exam. This allows you to catch irregularities in your eyes and vision or monitor the progression of any existing eye conditions that you may have.
What Are the Different Types of Macular Degeneration?
The two main classifications of macular degeneration are dry and wet. The dry form of macular degeneration is more common than the wet type. It may be the result of aging or the thinning of the macular tissues or a combination of the two. The wet form, on the other hand, occurs when new blood vessels form beneath the retina and leak blood and fluid.
How Can Macular Degeneration Be Treated?
Take note that macular degeneration isn’t curable. However, there are available treatments that can slow or stop the progression of wet AMD. Some of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved medical treatments for wet AMD are eye injections of Lucentis, Eylea and Macugen. Photocoagulation, a type of laser surgery, can also be effective in slowing vision loss in patients with wet AMD.
Currently, there are no FDA-approved medical treatments for dry AMD.
Guilford Eye Center provides high-quality eye care services and products. With our expertise and experience, we can ensure the best care and treatment for your eyes. We can also help you find the right eyeglasses and contact lenses for your needs.
Call us at (336) 292-4516, or fill out our contact form to schedule an appointment. We serve customers in Greensboro, NC, and the surrounding areas.