The sun causes you more harm than you realize. Extended exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and its artificial sources can inflict damage on your eyes and lead to serious vision problems.
There are three types of UV radiation, namely UV-C, UV-B and UV-A. UV-C can’t harm you since it gets absorbed by the ozone layer. It’s UV-A and UV-B radiation can damage your eyes and vision in many different ways.
Excessive short-term exposure to UV radiation can cause photokeratitis, which is like a sunburn of the eye. It’s characterized by pain, red eyes, extreme light sensitivity, excessive tearing and a gritty sensation in the eyes. These symptoms are temporary and don’t result in permanent eye damage. If you’re experiencing eye pain and discomfort, consult your local specialist for an eye exam for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Long-term exposure to solar radiation increases your risk of developing cataracts or macular generation in the future. However, it’s not specified how much exposure to UV light can actually lead to the development of these eye conditions.
Eye Protection Tips
Minimal amounts of solar radiation actually help in regulating your sleep-wake cycles and Vitamin D production. Once you’ve had your little time under the sun, it’s best to stay indoors or in the shade. Use a sun umbrella when you’re doing an outing or at the beach.
Make sure you’re wearing UV-blocking sunglasses or a wide brim cap when you’re outdoors in bright sunlight. Look for a pair that blocks 100% of UV-A and UV-B rays. Children should also have protective eyewear when they’re outside because they are more susceptible to eye damage from the sun than adults.
Routine eye exams can help in maintaining good eye health and vision. Many eye diseases can be treated when detected early. For quality eye care services and eyeglasses, you can rely on Guilford Eye Center. Call us at (336) 387-6777, or fill in our online form to schedule an appointment. We help patients in Greensboro, NC.