Photophobia or light sensitivity is an eye condition that causes discomfort or eye pain due to light exposure. It’s not an optical disease but rather a symptom of other underlying eye issues.
What Causes Photophobia?
Migraines are one of the most common causes of light sensitivity. A severe headache can affect your visual senses, and it can be a result of stress or a lack of sleep.
Other causes of photophobia are related to diseases that affect the brain or eyes. Encephalitis, meningitis and subarachnoid hemorrhages can cause light sensitivity in people. Photophobia is also sometimes associated with eye conditions, such as corneal abrasion, scleritis and conjunctivitis. In some cases, light sensitivity is caused by an injury or medication.
Generally, the more severe a person’s light sensitivity is, the more pain or discomfort they feel in their eyes. Mild photophobia usually causes minor discomfort when the eyes are exposed to bright lights, such as a camera flash or bright sunlight. Meanwhile, severe photophobia causes sharp pain when the eyes are exposed to any source of light.
What Should You Do?
Since light sensitivity itself is not a disease, the best way to deal with this symptom is to address the underlying issue. Visit your eye doctor as they’re the best person to help you identify the cause of your photophobia and minimize your sensitivity to light.
Are you in need of quality eye care? Guilford Eye Center is a trusted clinic that can provide you and your family with the optical services you need. We provide eye exams and other services, and we cater to patients of all ages. Consult our eye experts by filling out our contact form or calling us at (336) 292-4516.