From our hair and eye color to the shape of our nose, there are several characteristics that we inherit from our parents. Things indeed run in families, but are vision problems one of them? It might seem like a simple question, but the answer is quite complicated.
Eye Diseases and Your Genes
While research is still ongoing, most eye doctors have determined that some eye problems are inherited in most instances. These include glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which are two of the most serious types of eye-related diseases. Recent research has also determined strabismus, also known as crossed eye, and retinitis pigmentosa, a rare progressive decline of the retina, as having links to genetics.
Even the most common eye conditions like nearsightedness and farsightedness are also linked to genetics. Studies have shown that people with a genetic predisposition to refractive errors are up to 10 times more likely to develop them.
Factors Other Than Genetics
Not all issues concerning your eyesight or vision are caused by genetics. A variety of environmental factors also play a role as well as habits that can affect your eyes and lead to ocular problems. Too much ultraviolet (UV) radiation coming from the sun can cause macular degeneration, cataracts or even cancer. People who smoke are four times more likely to become blind than non-smokers.
Preserving Your Eye Health and Vision
When it comes to your eyesight, there are many ways you can ensure optimal health. Eating healthy, drinking water and getting enough hours of sleep are some of the things you can do. Of course, a visit to your eye doctor is imperative.
Guilford Eye Center offers high-quality eye care services, from comprehensive eye exams to LipiFlow® treatment. Call us today at (336) 292-4516, or fill out our contact form to schedule an appointment. We serve residents of High Point, NC, and the surrounding communities.